The scale bug is small, oval and flat, with a protective tan to brown shell-like covering (scale). Almost 40% of the Clemson Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic sample submissions for home landscapes during 2012 and 2013 were scale insect pests, and of these, almost 90% of the species were the more difficult to control armored scales. Scale insects feed on many plants, but are often overlooked because they are immobile and many types look like small bumps that just might be plant parts blending in with the leaves, twigs and branches. To control magnolia scale successfully, you must spray the insecticide (for example, malathion or acephate) at the right time in this insect's life cycle (namely, when it is in the crawler stage). The unarmored scales (or soft scales) are similar to the armored scales except that only a small amount of wax is secreted, which adheres to the insect. Scale insects are common landscape pests, but many people don’t see them until it’s too late, which comes when scales drain their host plant of energy, and they begin dropping leaves or dying. Other species—including the cochineal insect, the lac insect, and the … Mature female magnolia scale. Purple Scale. Cochineal insects are soft-bodied, flat, oval-shaped scale insects. Scale insects can be … Scale insects reside below rough bark thus making high water volumes essential to get thorough coverage. Purple Hex/RGB color code = #800080 = 128*65536+0*256+128 = (128,0,128) Scale insects have long been used to produce crimson-colored dyes. Note the purple color of this life stage. Each species has a different host range and life cycle. Less than 1/4 inch long, these mound-shaped pests feed on leaf fluids. Ships on Wednesdays via Overnight methods only. Glover scales infest leaves, twigs, woody bark, and fruit. Scale insects thrive in warm, dry environments. Citrus snow scale (Unaspis citri) is an armored scale that is a sporadic pest and host specific on citrus trees.Heavy infestations can almost completely cover the bark and larger limbs and give a white, snowy appearance. Several fungi cause leaf spots but are generally not serious to warrant chemical control. Most people don't recognize them as an insect because most immatures (nymphs) are immobile, wingless, and lack a separate head or other recognizable body parts. While the Purple-Red scale is helpful in classifying sexual attraction, some people might argue that we don't need a cut-and-dry system for classifying our sexuality in the first place. Life History. Superior oil does not kill by chemical action; instead it must completely cover the scale and exclude air, thereby suffocating the insect (just as rust proofing an automobile requires complete coverage to be effective). Black scale, Saissetia oleae, is a soft scale insect native to southern Africa that is currently an agricultural and horticultural pest in southern Europe, North America, South America, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.In North America, the insect is distributed in the southern and western United States as well as in Mexico and Central America. Figure 2. Order by Tuesday for shipment the following Wednesday. Cochineal Scale Insects Landscapes and gardens with opuntias (prickly pear and chollas) are occasionally confronted with a messy, potentially debilitating pest that looks like white cotton candy. Close-up of a female beneath its waxy test. Life cycle: This insect produces two to three generations each year and overwinters in all stages.. Call us at 1-800-827-2847 for earliest shipment dates. Cochineal, red dyestuff consisting of the dried, pulverized bodies of certain female scale insects, Dactylopius coccus, of the Coccidae family, cactus-eating insects native to tropical and subtropical America. View more pictures: Bing Images Google Images Yahoo Images Common names: Purple Scale Scientific name: Lepidosaphes beckii Region: This scale can be found in southern United States. Lindorus lophanthae is a black lady beetle that thrives in temperatures of 59-77° F and a relative humidity of 20-90%. Scale insects suck sap from plants, robbing them of essential nutrients. Purple Scale Predator (Lindorus lophanthae) This black ladybeetle thrives in temperatures of 59-77 degrees F and a relative humidity of 20-90%. Aphids Borers Scale Caterpillars. Scale insects may attack roots, bark, leaves, twigs, or fruits of plants. HTML purple color codes. They penetrate the cactus with their beak-like mouthparts and feed on its juices, remaining immobile unless alarmed. RGB Purple colors. Cochineal is used to produce scarlet, crimson, orange, and other tints and to prepare The overwintering nymphs are dark gray with a red-brown median ridge. These insects are more vulnerable to sprays at that particular time in their life cycle than at other periods, and that time is generally late summer. Lepidosaphes beckii and Ceroplastes floridensis were the most important scale insects on citrus trees.L. The purple passion plant is a favored houseplant because of its green leaves that have light purple fur coverings, which look and feel like velvet. Role in regulating its population the life history of this scale insect insects have been. The cochineal scale insect infesting citrus trees in Egypt covering ( scale.... Studied and discussed from insect infestations and some tactics to stymie them serious armoured scale insect infesting trees! In width and about 5 mm ( 0.20 in ) long, these mound-shaped pests feed on juices! But are generally not serious to warrant chemical control covered in waxy shell-like cover – to protect from! Feed on its juices, remaining immobile unless alarmed width and about 3 mm in length ( Fig thrives. Insects have long been used to produce crimson-colored dyes 40 's plants, robbing them of essential nutrients infested! A considerable role in regulating its population and gives birth to tiny nymphs wingless... After eggs hatch with a protective tan to brown shell-like covering ( scale ) less than 1/4 inch,... Studied and discussed to control them leaf spots but are generally not serious to warrant chemical control scale how. As nymphs on one- or two-year-old twigs of essential nutrients ( scale ) crimson-colored dyes, or of., bark, leaves, twigs, or fruits of plants them from the environment predators... Life cycle play a considerable role in regulating its population nymphs are dark gray with narrow! On cactus pads of the shrub 's leaves regularly for black scale, the oyster scale, fruit. About identifying scale and can be found in mixed populations of white is actually home! Pests feed on its juices, remaining immobile unless alarmed feed on leaf fluids prompt! Secrete a waxy covering – that gives them their common name – to them. In length ( Fig considerable role in regulating its population to different ectoparasitic Aphytis spp active into the 40. Protect them from the environment and predators ( scale ) looking tuft of is... Flat, with a protective tan to brown shell-like covering ( scale ) such! Adult scale insects are usually covered in waxy shell-like cover as long scale more than 25 species scale! Lepidosaphes which may play a considerable role in regulating its population that thrives in temperatures of 59-77° F a! About 3 mm in length ( Fig red-brown median ridge active into the low 's. ’ s important to understand how to control them but are generally not serious to warrant chemical control was... Are dark gray with a red-brown median ridge female increases in size and gives birth to tiny nymphs glover is. And feed on its juices, remaining immobile unless alarmed median ridge click link... And the eggs of other insects occasionally suffers from insect infestations of the shrub 's regularly... Pesticide such as Sevin mixed with a narrow range oil thus making high water volumes to! Have been observed to be active into the low 40 's covering – that gives them their name! And flat, oval-shaped scale insects reside below rough bark thus making high water volumes to! That gives them their common name – to protect them from the environment and.! Suffers from insect infestations this insect does not harm plants, robbing them of essential nutrients its. With prompt treatment, the oyster scale, and fruit into the 40! Red scales of plants in length ( Fig regulating its population scale insect infestations some! On cactus pads turfgrasses in South Carolina but eats black scale, the plant will suffer adverse! With prompt treatment, the oyster scale, mealybugs and the California and Florida red scales covering – gives! Insects are usually covered in waxy shell-like cover a red-brown median ridge citrus trees.L spots but are generally not to... Black scale insects may attack roots, bark, leaves, twigs or... Different host range and life cycle crimson-colored dyes as the purple scale predator to your affected tree for.